Dos and Don'ts of First-Aid
Bosco Training & Medical Supply
In the event of an emergency, it’s important to know some basic first-aid skills. However, there is a right way and a wrong way to practice first-aid, and the last thing you want is to be doing something you’re not supposed to and cause more injury. At Bosco Training & Medical Supplies, we pride ourselves in offering a variety of first-aid courses to workplaces and more in the Saint John area, allowing you to learn the skills you may need in an emergency. Explore our website to see what classes we’re currently offering, and continue reading below for a few dos and don’ts that you should keep in mind when applying first-aid.
Do: Wear Gloves
When treating a wound, it’s always a good idea to wear gloves. Blood can carry diseases and pathogens that can infect you if they come into contact with an open cut on your body or through your eyes, nose, or mouth. In an ideal situation, the patient should be able to apply a bandage or pressure to the wound on their own. However, if they are not able to do it themselves, it’s best to wear gloves to avoid any contact with their blood.
Don’t: Tilt Your Head Back for Nosebleeds
Growing up, you were probably told time and time again that you need to tilt your head back when you have a nosebleed to help stop the bleeding. Unfortunately, that isn’t true. If you tilt your head backward when your nose is bleeding, it can send the blood down your throat, which can choke you or irritate your stomach. Instead, it’s best to lean forward slightly and pinch the front of your nose until the bleeding stops.
Do: Know the Signs of a Stroke
When someone is having a stroke, time is of the essence, and it’s important to do whatever you can to get them professional medical assistance. For this reason, it’s a good idea to make sure you know the signs of a stroke so you can recognize them and call the paramedics. The signs of a stroke include:
- Sudden confusion
- Sudden numbness or weakness of the face, arm, or leg (especially on only one side of the body)
- Sudden trouble walking, loss of balance, or dizziness
- Sudden severe headache
- Sudden confusion or trouble speaking or understanding
- Sudden trouble seeing in one or both eyes
Don’t: Remove Stuck Objects
If you come across someone who has an object stuck in their body, your first instinct may be to remove it. However, the best thing you can do in that situation is leave the object in place. The object could be close to a major artery or an important organ, or at the very least, it could be stopping the patient from bleeding too heavily. Whatever the case may be, it’s best to leave the object in place and call for professional assistance.
Do: Press Down on Serious Wounds
When a person is bleeding heavily, it’s important to apply pressure to the wound. The pressure can help the blood start to clot, and eventually make it stop bleeding. If you come across someone with a serious wound, use gauze, paper towel, or even a shirt to help apply pressure to the wound until the individual can be seen by a medical professional.